A few weeks ago I discovered some black elongated solids lying on the floor of my room, near the air-conditioner. I did not have any idea of what they are and what consequences they may have. I swept them out of the room and entirely forgot the issue. Little did I know then that they were rat poops emitted by the rats inhabiting the area near the AC.
Later the AC servicing agency informed me that they had found lots of rat poops inside the AC! I was shocked and started to think of ways to get rid of these rats at any cost!
Rat poop or rat feces are the excretory matter that rats leave behind. These are solid debris. Usually, black in color and are an unmistakable sign of rats living at your home! They spoil the aesthetic appeal of the place and may also emit foul odors, thereby making the place unsuitable for inhabitation.
What is the usual quantity of poop given out by a rat per day?
The metabolic rate of rats is very high. They produce about 20 rat turds each day. So you can imagine the total amount of poops generated by a couple of rats living in your house! Apart from the rat feces, rat droppings also include scattered nesting materials, debris from chewing, feeding, etc. The rats urinate too.
The urine produced by them comes with a characteristic smell of pheromones. This further attracts other rats to their community and increases the total number of rats in the area.
Naturally, the quantity of rat droppings also increases. You might consider this as a horrifying issue. However, there is no reason to worry because the concentration of rat poop in one particular area of your home is in a way advantageous to you. First of all, it saves your time and effort in cleaning it up.
You do not have to keep on cleaning them from the different corners of your home. Also, if you intend to get rid of these rats, you can place the traps or take other necessary measures concerning this particular area. You do not have to keep them in multiple corners of your house.
What does rat poop look like?
Black debris inside your attic or among the old furniture indicates the presence of rats, mice or squirrels in that particular area. So how to identify whether it’s rat or some other animal? Here are the different properties of rat poop that will help you to identify them quickly.
The rat poops are bigger in size than mice poops. They are black in color, and the shape is somewhat intermediate between kidney beans and cylindrical. The faces of other animals may be round or longer. This is the primary characteristic feature of rat turds that helps us to identify them quickly.
The exact nature of rat poop depends upon the species of rat under consideration. The number of pellets produced per day may also vary.
For example, Norway rat or brown rat produces 40-50 pellets each day, and the size is somewhat like ¾ inches. They are vast and rectangular in shape with blunt ends and found in groups or clusters.
The black rats also produce 40-50 pellets that are half an inch in dimension. The shape is long, carved and sausage-shaped, with pointed ends. They are not clustered but found to be scattered all over the attic or book-shelf under consideration.
When it is in the fresh condition, the rat poop is dark and soft with a glistened surface, but within a few days, they become harder and blackened. They become gray in color and crumbly and dusty in appearance.
Here are the pictures of rat feces. It will make it easier for you to identify the rat poops.
Can Rat Poops Transmit Diseases?
There is no doubt that the rat droppings will give you dirty vibes. However, it is not only about the dirtiness of these poops that you should be bothered about. You also need to consider the possibilities of diseases from these poops.
Rat poops are potential threats to a healthy family and can transmit a variety of illness. Some of them are even fatal, and there have been incidents of deaths due to contamination of food and drinks by the rat feces.
For instance, the soda bottles and food packages stored in the go-down or storage spaces are often the breeding grounds of rats.
The caps of the bottles may come in contact with rat droppings or rat urine and lead to harmful consequences. The first disease that comes into our mind while thinking about rat poop is the plague.
It is one of the deadliest diseases caused by a rat and has taken millions of lives so far. Caused by Yersinia Pestis, it is one of the most devastating epidemics in the history of world.
There are three types of plagues, namely the bubonic, septicemic and pneumonic plague.
Bubonic plague includes symptoms like swelling of lymph nodes, weakness, fever, headaches, etc. However, recently with the advancement of medical science, the disease is curable, and it is possible to save lives in most of the cases.
Another disease caused by the germs spread by rat droppings is Hanta Virus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS).
The disease has a mortality of 30%. The disease is mainly developed due to the overpopulation of rats in a particular area and certain weather conditions which are favorable for the disease.
The early symptoms of the disease include headaches, dizziness, abdominal problems, nausea, etc. Among the later symptoms of the diseases, coughing and shortness of breath may also occur. It leads to the development of illness among the animal population.
Slowly the disease may spread to the human population as well.
The disease is very common among the Americans such as the people from Canada, U.S.A, Argentina, Panama and others. People from China, Russia, Scandinavia, and Korea may also suffer.
Rat turds accumulated in various places may also spread the disease salmonellosis. This can occur due to consumption of food contaminated with these turds and has symptoms like fever, diarrhea and abdominal pain associated with it.
The species of Salmonella bacteria such as Salmonella enterica, Salmonella serotype Typhimurium, and Salmonella serotype Enteritidis are mainly responsible for the disease.
The worst part is that the contaminated foods smell and look normal and there is no way by which you can detect that they are contaminated. Among the symptoms of salmonellosis, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, and fever may be included. Some people may also develop reactive arthritis.
Last but not the least, you can also get affected by Rat Bite Fever due to the contamination of food or drinks by rat poop. Though it might seem from the name that it is caused by rat bites, it may be caused due to the contamination of food as well.
Besides these rat-borne diseases, rat droppings can also indirectly lead to respiratory diseases. They form the ideal place for growth of moulds and fungi. They spread many air-borne diseases and can significantly harm the ones who are already suffering from respiratory diseases.
Lung diseases such as histoplasmosis are common.
All these diseases are usually caused due to the lack of precautions against the growing population of rats in one’s house. The rats should be effectively dealt with. You need to find out some way of eradicating the rats from your home or at least clean up their shit regularly so that the disease doesn’t spread.
While cleaning up the debris, necessary precautions such as wearing a mask or wearing gloves should be taken.
As you can understand, rat poop should be cleaned meticulously by taking the proper precautionary measures. This has been explained below:
- Ventilation: If you are clearing a confined place, the place needs to be ventilated well before beginning the cleaning activities.
- Wet the Area: The area must be thoroughly sprinkled with liquid or at least rubbed with a piece of wet cloth so that the debris can be cleaned with ease. A solution of one parts bleach to ten parts of water would be suitable for the purpose. It will act as a great disinfectant too and will safeguard you from infections and other diseases.
- Do not Sweep: Sweeping or vacuum-cleaning the area is a strict no-no. The rat feces must be wiped out with a piece of paper or rug and finally disposed of in a plastic packet.
- Precautions: As mentioned earlier, gloves and masks should be worn before you begin the process and you need to dispose of them along with the rat poop. Do not ever plan to wear the same mask or gloves the next time you clean it. Eye protection will also prove helpful.
- Disposal: The waste collected inside the plastic packet should not be thrown into the dustbin. It should ideally be buried or burnt if possible. If the local area where you live has any particular rule about this, try to follow that.
- Post-cleaning: After the cleaning activities are over, the different parts of the room must be thoroughly disinfected. You should clean the surfaces of carpet, windows, vases, tabletops etc. so that no germs that can be potential health hazards are left at any corner of your room.
- Laundry: The bedding, clothing and other drapery found inside the house should be laundered with not only detergent but also by adding a few drops of a liquid antiseptic into the water. You can also use chlorine bleach in the water.
Now, the cleaning of the faces accumulated in the wardrobe or attics is not sufficient to protect you and your family from the harmful consequences of the rat poops. For that, you need to safeguard all the food matters and drinks from these feces. They are often found inside the storerooms and kitchen up boards which cannot be cleaned daily.
As a result, the groceries may be contaminated and it may even remain undiscovered while cooking. Cleaning up rat poop on discovery is thus not sufficient.
So what is the solution? The solution is to get rid of the rats breeding in various parts of your home. And that can be done by using rat killers. Any arbitrary killer won’t work.
You need to get hold of the right instrument for making it effective. Discussed below are two of the best rat killers available in the market today:
Electronic Rat Killer
It is an effective solution for rat turds and helps in cleaning it smoothly as well as in a mess-free way. This electronic killer from Pest-stop electrocutes virtually and instantly. It is a humane trap that works in a more hygienic way than the traditional traps. You can use a lump of bread roll instead of using butter or cheese as bait.
Tomcat Rat Killer II
It is a refillable rat killer that is dog and kid resistant, so you do not worry about your children or pets. It provides a high level of station security. It is also weather resistant and can kill up to three rats. You are adviced to read all the instructions and warnings before you use this trap.
Victor Electronic Rat Trap M240
It works at a power of 8500 volts and can thus kill the large rats very quickly. It is a very efficient rat killer which can kill up to 50 cats per battery setup. It is user- friendly too and placing baits and detecting the trapped rats are both quite easy. A green signal glows up to 24 hours of trapping a mouse, thus notifying you that a rat has been trapped.
So choose the ideal rat killer and put an end to the rats that have gathered up in your house. Keep the interior of your home clean and hygienic and ensure a sound health of your family members!